Project/Service

A. General Information

1. Title

GS1 GTIN in China Customs “Single Window”

2. Status of the project/service
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3. Implementation period of the project/service:
From
07/2018
To
08/2019
4. Website
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5. Geographical coverage
Global
6. Participating agencies/entities of the project/service:
a. Development stage
Lead agencies/entities
General Administration of Customs, Peoples Republic of China
Other participating agencies/entities
GS1 China
b. Operational stage
Lead agencies/entities (op)
General Administration of Customs, Peoples Republic of China
Other participating agencies/entities (op)
GS1 China
7. Main stakeholders/beneficiaries of the project/services
Traders (big enterprises)
Traders (SMEs)
Customs brokers
Customs
8. Business process category of the project/service
Regulatory/official control

B. Lessons Learned

9. Summary description of the project/service
a. Objective(s)

By adopting international standard (GS1 GTIN) andassociated standardized product data, it helpsChina customs accurately and precisely identify the goods and realize smart goods supervision.

b. Business need for the project/service (background)

The amount of FMCG imports to China has grown exponentially, traditional customs clearance methods struggle to keep pace.Projected 30+ trillion (USD) of import goods to China in the next 15 years.

The initiative targets to address thechallenges faced by China Customs in the aspects of: 1. Difficulty in goods identification; 2. Coarse product information if only using HS; 3. Asymmetric information 4. Human resource pressure.

c. Business process covered*

As of 2019 the GTIN (GS1 Global Trade Item Number / ISO 15459) is added as one of the compliant declaration elements in the China Customs “Single Window” Declaration Interface.

d. Overall architecture and functionalities*

The identification code is included into the customs declaration submitted through single window system.

This is done to support smart goods identification and improve customs declaration efficiency. It is creatively transforming the granularity of managing imports and exports from “HS level” into “item level” by making advantage of GS1 GTIN and associated standardized product data. Importers and exporters can enjoy an intelligent auto-fill feature by using GTIN, which simplifies and speeds up the declaration process as well as improves accuracy.

Through the GS1 global cooperation of data sharing,China customs can accurately identify the imported goods and verify the integrity of product data through matching the GTIN product information from GS1 product catalogues with the GTIN declared by importers

e. Relevant document/figure
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10. Documents and data exchanged via the project/service

Product identification code – which in turn gives access to associated product attributes in registries hosted in export countries

11. Data models/databases, proprietary solutions, hybrid approaches

The added data attribute (GTIN/EAN/UPC), which is also the ISO 15459 standard, is the identification code applied, also known as Global Data Standards.

12. Main challenges faced during the project/service

While the implementation is beneficial for GAC, offering additional product information for risk management purposes,the overall benefits to trade are still being identified and measured.

In addition, there is still language issue when sharing the GTIN associated product data to China customs’ system.

13. Lessons learned from the project/service

It can be very beneficial for customs organizations to explore the possibility to leverage readily available product identification codes, such as the GS1 GTIN (EAN, UPC), and associated product data which is held in databased in export markets.

14. Main benefit(s) of the project/service
Enhanced regulatory compliance*
Simplified process
14A. Elaborations/detailed description on benefits gained:

It can help customs to accurately identify the imported goods through matching the GTIN information from GS1 product catalogues with the GTIN declared by importers

It will form the basis of the imported products catalogue in custom’s dedicated system

GTIN data can be used as an important source of indicative backfilled data for importers on customs declaration, improving the accuracy and efficiency of customs declaration

Source data helps to improve the predictability of the cross-border clearance process.

15. Technical/financial/capacity building/other assistance
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16. Future plan for expansion of the project and service

Currently the main focus of the initiative is on traditional trade; but the initiative is now also moving to cover cross-border e-commerce.

17. Other information or relevant references on the project and service
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18. Relevant document regarding the project/service
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C. Relevant Standards

20. Electronic message standard
20A. Electronic message standard supporting the project/service:
XML:
- Other XML format: Custom format
20B. Type of standard for electronic message applied for the project/service
Proprietary solution
 
Proprietary solution was applied because:
- Comply to China Customs' data communication requirements
21. Technical communication standard
21A. Technical communication standard supporting the project/service
IBM MQ queue service
21B. Type of technical communication standard applied for the project/service
Proprietary solution
 
Proprietary solution was applied because:
- Comply to ChinaCustoms’ data synchronization requirements
22. Security-related standards*
22A. Security-related standard supporting the project/service
VPN (Virtual Private Network)
22B. Type of security-related standard applied for the project/service
Proprietary solution
 
Proprietary solution was applied because:
- Comply to the data communication security requirements of China Customs
23. Other Technical Information
23A. Interface developed for data exchange with an internal system
Enterprises enter the data through the web interface and send it to China Customs through the queue service.
23B. Other technical implementation information
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