Project/Service

A. General Information

1. Title

e-SPS: The Netherlands

2. Status of the project/service
Operating
3. Implementation period of the project/service:
From
Oct-2010
To
Oct-2021
5. Geographical coverage
Global: Bilateral. Covers overseas countries from different continents.
6. Participating agencies/entities of the project/service:
a. Development stage
Lead agencies/entities
International Plant Protection Convention Secretariat
Other participating agencies/entities
--
b. Operational stage
Lead agencies/entities
International Plant Protection Convention Secretariat
Other participating agencies/entities
--
7. Main stakeholders/beneficiaries of the project/services
Traders (big enterprises)
Traders (SMEs)
Transport
Customs brokers
Customs
8. Business process category of the project/service
Regulatory/official control

B. Lessons Learned

9. Summary description of the project/service
a. Objective(s)

Many agri-food products require sanitary or phytosanitary (SPS) government certificates to clear customs. SPS certificates serve as an official communication from the competent authority of the exporting country to the competent authority of the importing country that the cargo meets minimum sanitary requirements. Electronic certificates are also much more accurate than paper certificates. Electronic certificates lower the number of interceptions and reduce time in ports.
Countries are increasingly shifting to electronic customs and port clearance systems to enable better risk management. As a result, relevant regulatory bodies – including IPPC, OIE and CODEX – have recognized electronic certification as an alternative to paper certificates.
The Netherlands have launched programs for practical implementation of electronic SPS certificates. Based on bilateral agreements, currently the Netherlands has e-certification with the following countries.
-China (operating)
-USA (operating)
-Australia (operating)
-Chile (operating)
-Kenya (operating)
-South Korea (operating)
-Hong Kong (under construction)
-Columbia (under construction
-Philippines (under construction)
-Thailand (under construction)
-Turkey (under construction)

b. Business need for the project/service (background)

To face the challenges deriving from the use of paper certificates (paper certificates can be costly, are logistically complicated and difficult to protect against fraud).

c. Business process covered*

Exchange of electronic Phytosanitary Certificates 

d. Overall architecture and functionalities*

• Electronic support system for import and export certification;
-Application of certificates
- Decision support to the certifying inspector
-Automated generation of certificates
• Electronic messages
• Signing and Verification Module
• Online Verification module

e. Relevant document/figure
--
10. Documents and data exchanged via the project/service

Phytosanitary Certificates

11. Data models/databases, proprietary solutions, hybrid approaches

ISPM 12 from IPPC + addendum for electronic certification

12. Main challenges faced during the project/service

Funding & Technical Infrastructure
Technical Capacity

13. Lessons learned from the project/service

Support of the Highest Management

14. Main benefit(s) of the project/service
Enhanced regulatory compliance*
Transaction Cost savings*
Transaction Time savings
Simplified process
14A. Elaborations/detailed description on benefits gained:

More efficient certification process
Contributes to Risk-based enforcement
Contributes to Food Security
Reduced fraud
Transparency

15. Technical/financial/capacity building/other assistance

Standardization of Exchange protocol
Make better use of electronic certification data
Border control assistance systems (virtual inspector)

16. Future plan for expansion of the project and service

-Hong Kong (under construction)
-Columbia (under construction
-Philippines (under construction)
-Thailand (under construction)
-Turkey (under construction)

17. Other information or relevant references on the project and service
--
18. Relevant document regarding the project/service
--

C. Relevant Standards

20. Electronic message standard
20A. Electronic message standard supporting the project/service:
--
20B. Type of standard for electronic message applied for the project/service
International standard
UN/CEFACT BRS/RSM UNEDIFACT
21. Technical communication standard
21A. Technical communication standard supporting the project/service
HTTP
21B. Type of technical communication standard applied for the project/service
International standard
Please refer to the the link: https://www.ephytoexchange.org/landing/harmonization/index.html
22. Security-related standards*
22A. Security-related standard supporting the project/service
TLS (Transport Layer Security) / SSL (Secure Socket Layer)
22B. Type of security-related standard applied for the project/service
International standard
Common standards for authentication and encryption
23. Other Technical Information
23A. Interface developed for data exchange with an internal system
--
23B. Other technical implementation information
--