Project/Service

A. General Information

1. Title

Morocco –Dematerialization of certificates of origin, Blockchain Technology

2. Status of the project/service
Operating
3. Implementation period of the project/service:
From
--
To
January 2021
6. Participating agencies/entities of the project/service:
a. Development stage
Lead agencies/entities
Moroccan Customs
Other participating agencies/entities
GIZ (German International Cooperation Agency) DHL
b. Operational stage
Lead agencies/entities (op)
Moroccan Customs
Other participating agencies/entities (op)
GIZ (German International Cooperation Agency)
7. Main stakeholders/beneficiaries of the project/services
Traders (big enterprises)
Customs
8. Business process category of the project/service
Regulatory/official control

B. Lessons Learned

9. Summary description of the project/service
a. Objective(s)

Electronic Certificate of Origin System is a web-based application that provides an integrated, electronic process for faster online Certificate of Origin (CO) application and certification. It also allows the immediate transmission of certified COs to designated third party recipients in a secure electronic environment.

In Morocco, certificates of origin are issued by the Customs Administration. Exporters apply for a certificate when drawing up the export declaration. The computer system then collects the data already entered on the declaration and requests that the exporter input only the outstanding information needed for it to process the application. This process reduces the risk of error.

The electronic certificate created in this way is registered on the Internet portal of Moroccan Customs. Any administration seeking to verify the authenticity of a certificate issued by Morocco therefore has only to consult the Customs website.

The procedure was phased in and completed in January 2021 against a backdrop of important discussions and intense negotiations between the teams at Moroccan Customs and their counterparts in the other countries parties to bilateral or multilateral agreements. The objective has been to bring those partner countries on board this project and to remove any obstacle to its successful conclusion (whether technical, procedural or agreement-related). At the same time, major IT-development work has commenced. One application has been developed to facilitate the remote authentication of certificates of origin, providing assurances to the operator that those certificates would not be rejected for reasons still connected with such authentication.

In 2020, Moroccan Customs launched a cooperation project with a view to developing a platform relying on blockchain technology for collecting the data of each party to an international transaction (traders, express mail service, Customs, other stakeholders) and sharing it. Rooted in this ecosystem, procedures will be open to simplification and risk management will be enhanced, in particular as regards Customs valuation.

b. Business need for the project/service (background)

To address the risks arising when using paper documentation.

To enhance risk management procedures, effectively share data

c. Business process covered*

Exporters apply for a certificate when drawing up the export declaration. The computer system then collects the data already entered on the declaration and requests that the exporter input only the outstanding information needed for it to process the application. This process reduces the risk of error.

The electronic certificate created in this way is registered on the Internet portal of Moroccan Customs. Any administration seeking to verify the authenticity of a certificate issued by Morocco therefore has only to consult the Customs website.

d. Overall architecture and functionalities*
--
e. Relevant document/figure
--
10. Documents and data exchanged via the project/service

Exchange of electronic certificated of origin

11. Data models/databases, proprietary solutions, hybrid approaches
--
12. Main challenges faced during the project/service
--
13. Lessons learned from the project/service
--
14. Main benefit(s) of the project/service
Enhanced regulatory compliance*
Transaction Cost savings*
Transaction Time savings
14A. Elaborations/detailed description on benefits gained:

Electronic certificates come with safeguard systems that include optical watermarking technology, and online verification of the authenticity of the electronic certificate of origin. They provide better transparency which saves time and reduces the costs forimporters, exporters, customs administrations among other stakeholders.

15. Technical/financial/capacity building/other assistance

The project aimed at developing a platform relying on blockchain technology for collecting the data of each party to an international transaction and sharing data, was conducted with the help of GIZ.

16. Future plan for expansion of the project and service

By means of the projects for dematerializing the foreign trade procedures, Morocco is setting its sights on becoming an indispensable logistics hub for the region, especially as regards the North-South flows of good.

17. Other information or relevant references on the project and service
--
18. Relevant document regarding the project/service
--

C. Relevant Standards

20. Electronic message standard
20A. Electronic message standard supporting the project/service:
--
20B. Type of standard for electronic message applied for the project/service
--
21. Technical communication standard
21A. Technical communication standard supporting the project/service
N/A
21B. Type of technical communication standard applied for the project/service
--
22. Security-related standards*
22A. Security-related standard supporting the project/service
--
22B. Type of security-related standard applied for the project/service
--
23. Other Technical Information
23A. Interface developed for data exchange with an internal system
--
23B. Other technical implementation information
--